According to artist Kim Myoung-Sook, the city of Wonam-ri in Gongwon-do province, South Korea, is an excellent place for the sculpture gallery. The meaning of "stone is the best" in the city's name is in harmony with this gallery's title of Bauzium or Rock Garden. In addition, on the city's outskirts also stands a natural site of Ulsanbawi Rock which will be the gallery's background.
The entrance of Bauzium, the sculpture gallery belongs to the artist Kim Myoung-Sook.
The architecture studio Archium, which the artist trusted to design his gallery, started his idea by understanding the windy condition of the site. The wind became the main reason for Archium to divide this 4,500-square-meter area into several parts. The division is represented by a series of outer walls made of rough concrete and crumbling stone that act as a windbreaker, protecting the gallery behind it.
Bauzium consists of three separate buildings connected by rough concrete and crumbling stone walls.
Inside Bauzium, there are three separate buildings that each cover an area of 150 square meters. The first building is the Modern Sculpture Pavilion which serves for permanent exhibitions. Then there is also the Kim Myoung-Sook Sculpture Gallery as a private hall and studio for the owner of this gallery. The Special Pavilion is dedicated to special exhibitions and curators. These three buildings are connected by rough outer walls and their open courtyard.
Modern Sculpture Pavilion with a water courtyard as the main exhibition space.
Archium designed an open courtyard for each existing building in Bauzium with a different character. The elements of water, gravel, and grass were chosen to create a distinctive atmosphere that would indirectly affect the experience of space in all buildings. In other words, Bauzium's design seeks to enrich visitors' perspectives while enjoying the sculptures on display.
Between the other two buildings, there is Special Pavilion with a gravel courtyard, which is reserved for special exhibitions and curators.
The interior of the Special Pavilion, which is equipped with an inner courtyard in the middle of the plan.
The concept of glorifying objects that are not building elements can also be seen in how Archium disguises Bauzium designs from the surrounding environment. The three buildings, equipped with wide glass openings, seem to be 'submerged' behind the outer walls. Only the fine lines of the roofs of each building are revealed from behind the walls.
The grass courtyard complements the Kim Myoung-Sook Sculpture Gallery, which stands on the farthest side of the entrance.
Several sculptures are also placed outside the pavilion to add to the experience of the space in the outer courtyard of the gallery.
So, Bauzium showed the Rock Garden design for the sculptures on display while following the character and condition of the site. Bauzium, with its rough concrete-stone walls, becomes a strong unity in presenting a remarkable cultural space.